9. getting the job for which you did not apply
Another glimpse of recognition of the caregiver role came in the personal lives of many people who might otherwise not
have noticed it – when suddenly they were obliged to become caregivers. Hearings of pay equity found that women
in the 1990s officially often had salary equality with men, but as soon as someone in the household or extended family was
seriously ill, became handicapped, or was frail and dying, all that changed. Society still assumed women not men would jump
in to become caregivers, not necessarily recognizing that the roles demands were often 247 and were not really compatible
with holding a full time paid job also. What often was given up was the fulltime paid job.
2007 UK The Government Accountability Office finds that the
caregiver role of women has seriously reduced salary, benefits
and pensions for them and that womens median pension is about
half that of men.
With an aging population and medical advances to extend the lives of the frail elderly, a whole new phase of life emerged
for many adults – eldercare. Statistics were finding that eldercare for some people lasted as long in years as
did raising of the young and observations were made of a sandwich generation of those households where care of the young
and elderly was simultaneous. Neither care however was counted as work, valued or assisted financially if done in the home.
It was an irony more and more people noticed as the population greyed.
10 childrens rights movements
Though children were for a long time deemed economic burdens for the household, rather than assets, or if assets only
assets to the home not to the nation, slowly legislation passed that recognized the child as a citizen and individual with
rights. Care of a child for a few brief glimpses was seen as an issue not just about womens rights but about the rights of
1847 Britain Factory Bill notes the dangers to babies if pregnant
women work long hours in factories
1868 Britain – Poor Law Amendment Act restricts the parents right
to chastise a child.
1908 the practice of farming out babies to wet nurses for payment
and sometimes fulltime adoption for a low payment has resulted in
occasional murders of the children as costs to raise them rose.
The Children Act is passed to outlaw not only such infanticide but
to regulate adoption and foster placement by the state
1995 Canada – the state intervened to override parental wishes and
provide a blood transfusion to their seriously ill daughter. The
case B.R. v Childrens Aid Society of Metropolitan Toronto had the
parents suing the sate for infringement on their constitutional rights
but they lost.
1970 US The Childrens Bill of Rights defends the rights of
a child to nurturing by affectionate parents
1980 UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child includes the right of
a child to love and understanding and an atmosphere of affection and
security in the care and under the responsibility of their parents
1989 UN Convention on the Rights of the Child includes the right
to form an attachment to an adult, and says that member states shall
render appropriate assistance to parents in the performance of child